Dear Governments of the Industrial World

In 1996, cyberlibertarian political activist Barlow addressed the ‘Governments of the Industrial World’ about his fears for the end of net neutrality and the rise of surveillance. “We are creating a world where anyone, anywhere may express his or her beliefs, no matter how singular, without fear of being coerced into silence or conformity”, Barlow stated, “On behalf of the future, I ask you of the past to leave us alone” (Barlow, 1996).

As powerful as this statement still is today, it would appear that the ‘past Governments of the Industrial World’ aren’t so much in the past as utopian idealists, such as Barlow, would have hoped. The Australian government is currently trying to have surveillance over the population in the name of “terrorism”. In fact their scheme to track our metadata had me worried until I heard George Brandis stumble over himself just trying to determine what exactly metadata is (listen below, the struggle is real).

However, in other governments, net neutrality and freedom from surveillance is already a thing of the past. This year marked the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square Massacre and while the rest of the globe were able to access information about this great tragedy, China’s Google search equivalent, Baidu, only featured censored images that were selectively filtered to remove any association with the 1989 massacre.

Screenshot 2014-08-19 23.31.51

Image sourced from Nikhil Sonnad, Quartz, 2014

For some of us, the internet is separated from a ‘mainframe’ system and allows users to communicate with each other over distributed networks without the interference of a centralised hub (Mitew, 2014). However, the Great Firewall of China has effectively removed this freeing system of distributed networks and maintained a system that allows for a controlled and coordinated censorship. In 1996 when Barlow spoke of his concerns, China was already experiencing their first bout of online censorship.

The graph below shows the timeline of China’s censored internet access.

This censorship was formed through a centralised hub system, set up by the infamously hated Fang Binxing. However, the ‘father of the Great Firewall’ would not have an effective system were it not for the Golden Shield. The Golden Shield is a system of online policing that involves filtering, interception of any messages that breach the censorship code and surveillance. Most interestingly, this Golden Shield employs not only cyber-police, but also citizens to “censor their own content and implement government directives” (The Economist, 2013).

While in Australia we can laugh as politicians stumble over what exactly it is they are trying to control, the Great Firewall of China is a well established network of coordination and control. However, where there is control there are always those who seek to remove it. From the beginning of this great firewall’s hold, hackers have tried to break through. Today, there are various sites setup by Chinese citizens to allow users to surpass the wall. While they may be successful, these citizens have had to hide their identities in order to avoid a jail sentence simply for seeking online freedom (Chen, 2014).

On behalf of the past, present and future, I ask the Governments of the Industrial World to leave us alone.

**If you are wanting to see more on what is censored through Weibo, China’s biggest social media site, go to this link.

References:

Baidu – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2014. Baidu – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [ONLINE] Available at:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baidu#Censorship. [Accessed 20 August 2014].

Barlow, J.P. (1996) A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace

Chen, L, 2014. Breaking Through China’s Great Firewall. Bloomberg Businessweek, [Online]. Available at: http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2014-03-20/secretive-web-activists-give-chinese-a-way-around-censorship [Accessed 17 August 2014].

Mitew, T (2014) Liquid Labour Week 3 Lecture, Accessed at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q3M9x_UJkoo

Olesen, A, 2011. Fang Binxing, China’s Internet Firewall Designer, Hit By Shoe. Huffington Post TECH, [Online]. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/05/21/fang-binxing-shoe-attack_n_865155.html [Accessed 17 August 2014].

Sonnad, N, (2014), See what China sees when it searches for “Tiananmen” and other loaded terms[ONLINE]. Available at: http://qz.com/216829/see-what-china-sees-when-it-searches-for-tiananmen-and-other-loaded-terms/ [Accessed 14 August 14].

Special Report, (author/s unidentified), 2013. The art of concealment. The Economist, [Online]. Available at: http://www.economist.com/news/special-report/21574631-chinese-screening-online-material-abroad-becoming-ever-more-sophisticated [Accessed 16 August 2014].

Triple J, Hack (2014), 07 August 14, 8 times politicians tried to explain technology and failed. 07 August 14, https://soundcloud.com/triple-j-hack/attorney-general-george-brandis-totally-understands-metadata. [Accessed 14 August 14].

Advertisements

About intersectionalalien

Hi hello people of earth/space/cyberspace, intersectional alien here. I’m still trying to figure out my place on this earth. I like intersectional feminism, feminism in popular culture, LGBTQ+, refugee rights, veganism, mental health, nihilism, travelling, unlearning institutional conditioning, good tunes and consuming and creating stories.
This entry was posted in DIGC202 (Global Networks) and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

6 Responses to Dear Governments of the Industrial World

  1. laurazapata says:

    Great post! You have utilised a great deal of references to help readers understand the topic and show how the governments are aiming to control citizens access to the internet. I like how you have used the image examples of the google pages to further demonstrate China’s censorship on its network. It’s funny to think that in a country where technology is key for all global business, that they restrict its citizens from gaining any online presence or freedom.

  2. tianabezzina says:

    Loved this post! Your extensive use of references has provided scope for a wide range of opinion, which is important when your discussing something as pressing as censorship! I also enjoyed the inclusion of Brandis’ speech to triple j regarding the definition of metadata – very funny! Great way to add some lightheartedness to such a serious topic. I was not aware of half of the news discussed in your article prior to reading and feel as though i have a thorough understanding now thanks to you and the references you included. Great work!

  3. Wow what a strong post! I especially enjoyed the auditory and visual aids. I know in the United States net neutrality is a growing debate as well, I am interested in learning about Australia’s as well. I realize that the freedom and democracy of the internet is important, especially for all citizens of the worldwide web, but it always leaves my mystified that leading democratic governments, like ours, feel that they have the ability to control strict governments such as China’s. I have no personal answers for that, but think your post touched on that important debate. I also loved the symbolism conveyed in The Great Firewall of China.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s